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`V = D * A * f( "Settled snow")`

Enter a value for all fields

The **Snow Water Equivalent (SWE)** calculator computes of the volume of liquid water contained in rain or snow pack defined by area, depth and snow type or rain.

**INSTRUCTIONS:** Choose units and enter the following:

- (
**A**) Area Covered in Snow - (
**D**) Depth of Snow - (
**T**) Type of Snow (see table).

**Liquid Water Volume (V):** The volume is returned in acre-feet, gallons and liters. However, these can be automatically converted to compatible units via the pull-down menu.

The **Snow Water Equivalent** calculator computes the amount of water in snow. See YouTube video instructions HERE. Different classifications of snow and ice have different water densities. These are listed in the table. This calculator computes the rough volume of the snow by multiplying the area (a) times the depth of snow (d). Then, the volume of water content can be computed by multiplying the volume of snow by the density of water in the snow based on the type of snow. This gives you the mass of the liquid water, which is converted easily into volume units such as gallons. Density of snow can range anywhere from 5% when ambient air temperature is 14 F, and can range up to 20% if the temperature is 32 F. The snow density will increase after the snowfall due to gravitational settling, packing, wind effects, melting and refreezing. The table contains a generally accepted range of density (kg/m^{3}) for different types of snow. The equation will use a median value for the ranges in the density value column.

Type of snow or ice | (kg/m^{3}) |

Fresh New snow | 50-70 |

Damp new snow | 100-200 |

Settled snow | 200-300 |

Depth hoar | 100-300 |

Wind packed snow | 350-400 |

Firn (granular) | 400-830 |

Very wet | 700-800 |

Glacier ice | 830-917 |

Rain/Melt | 997 |

- Snow Pack to Liquid Water Calculator - Computes the amount of liquid water in snow pack over a geographic area.
- Compute the volume of water in snow or rain
- Compute the Weight/Mass of Snow on an Area.
- Compute the Weight of Snow on a Rectangular Area.
- Compute the Weight of Snow on a Roof.
- Compute the Weight of Snow on a Polygon Shaped Area.
- Compute the Volume of Water in a Rainfall
- Compute the flow rate of a broad crested weir.
- Compute water capillary rise.
- Compute the volume of flood water.
- Compute the number of sandbags needed to build a wall or dike.
- Water Saturation Ratio
- Rain Fall Harvesting Calculator

The area covered by snow may be difficult to estimate. Here are some simple calculators to help you compute the area. To compute the size of your snow covered area, you must first identify the shape of the area.

- Calculate area for simple four sided rectangle with squared corners.
- Calculate area for quadrilateral which is an area with four straight sides with different angle corners.
- Calculate the area of a circle with a radius
- Calculate the area of an ellipse, oval shaped or flattened circle. See diagram.
- Calculate the area of a triangle
- Calculate the area of a triangle
- Calculates the area of regular polygons with three or more sides where the sides are the same length with the same angles in the corners.
- More calculators to compute area.
- Surface Area of Maryland Counties

The areas entered can be small for things such as patios and roofs, and they can be large like a county.

- Rolling Offsets (Run) – The Rolling Offset (Run) function computes the run length a rolling offset based on the offsets and fittings. (see diagram).
- Rolling Offsets (Travel) – The Rolling Offset (Travel) function computes the travel pipe length a rolling offset based on the offsets and fittings. (see diagram).
- Pipe Grading - The amount of drop needed over a run to maintain a specified grade
- Diagonal of a Square - This is a simple calculation to assist in computing the diagonal of a square.
- Diagonal of a Box - This computes the length of the diagonal of a box (
**T**) based on sides of length**R, S**and**U**. - Flow Rate - This computes flow rate based on the total volume and the time it took to accumulate.
- Pipe Flow Volume - This computes the total volume from a pipe based on the flow rated and the duration of flow.
- Volume of a Pipe
- Weight of Pipe Contents: Default is water. Also see Weight of sea water in pipe
- Volume of a Cylindrical Container (e.g. hot water tanks),
- Weight of Water in a Cylindrical Tank (e.g. hot water tanks),
- Volume of a Spherical Container,
- Weight of Water in a Spherical Container
- Volume of a Rectangular container
- Weight of Water in a Rectangular Container, and a
- Capillary Rise - The height of water in a small tube due to capillary force.
- Snow Water Equivalence - The volume of water created by an area and depth of snow.
- Pore Water Pressure - Pressure of uplift from the water table.
- Pressure Head - The Potential Gravity-Fed Water Pressure from a Tank (a.k.a. Pressure Head) equation calculates the water pressure that can be realized below a tank based on the height of storage.