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`s = 2 * r * tan(pi/ n )`

Enter a value for all fields

The **Length of a Side of a Regular Polygon **calculator computes the length of the individual sides (segments) of a regular polygon given the number of sides and the radius, **r**, of an inscribed circle.

**INSTRUCTIONS**: Choose units and enter the following:

- (
**r**) Inner Radius - (
**n**) Number of Sides of Polygon

**Polygon Side Length (s): **The calculator returns the length of the side in meters. However, this can be automatically converted to compatible units via the pull-down menu.

A regular **n**-sided polygon is a polygon with **n** equal length sides and has **n** equal angles at the **n** vertices of the polygon. Because of the symmetries of this construction, the sides of the polygon touch the inscribed circle as tangents at the midpoint of the polygon side. As shown in the picture, Figure 1, lines from the vertices to the circle's center form **n** isosceles triangles of equal area.

The formula for the length of a side of a polygon based on the inner radius and number of sides is:

where:

- s is the length of the sides of a polygon outside of the circle
- r is the radius of the inner circle
- n is the number of sides (integer)

A **regular polygon** is a geometric shape with three or more straight sides where every side is the same length and every angle between connecting sides are the same angle. Because of the symmetry of the regular polygon, all the vertices of the polygon can be constructed to touch a circle in which the regular polygon is inscribed and all the chords that are polygon sides will then obviously be of equal length . Likewise, because of the regular polygon's symmetry, a circle constructed to be inscribed in a regular polygon and touching the polygon will touch the regular polygon at the midpoint of the polygon side. As shown in the pictures, Figure 1 and Figure 2, lines from the regular polygon's vertices to the circle's center form n isosceles triangles of equal area.

The names of polygons vary based on the number of sides as follows:

- triangle - 3 sides
- square - 4 sides
- pentagon - 5 sides
- hexagon - 6 sides
- heptagon - 7 sides
- octagon - 8 sides
- nonagon - 9 sides
- decagon - 10 sides
- hendecagon - 11 sides
- dodecagon - 12 sides

**Polygon Area Calculators**:

- Polygon Area from the Number of sides and Length of Sides
- Polygon Area from the Number of Sides and Outside Radius
- Area of a Polygon Segment (triangle) from the Number of Sides and Inscribed Radius
- Polygon Area from the Number of Sides and Inscribed Radius.

**Polygon Side Calculators**

- Length of a Polygon Side from the Number of Sides and Outer Radius
- Length of a Polygon Side from the Number of Sides and Inner Radius

**Polygon Perimeter Calculators**

- Perimeter of a Polygon from Number of Sides and Length of Sides
- Perimeter of a Polygon from Number of Sides and Outer Radius
- Perimeter of a Polygon from Number of Sides and Inner Radius

**Other Polygon Calculators**

- Interior Angle of a Regular Polygon based on the number of sides
- Area of Circle - Circle approximates a polygon as the number of sides approaches infinity.
- Area of Triangle - Three Sides
- Area of a Square - Four Sides
- Area of Pentagon - Five Sides
- Area of Hexagon - Six Sides
- Area of Heptagon - Seven Sides
- Area of Octagon - Eight Sides
- Area of Nonagon - Nine Sides
- Area of Decagon - Ten Sides
- Area of Hendecagon - Eleven Sides
- Area of Dodecagon - Twelve Sides