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`V = 4 * "m" * ( "A" *100)`

Enter a value for all fields

The **Parkland Replacement Fluids** calculator computes the amount of fluids required for the first 24 hours in a burn patient using the **Parkland Formula** and the patient's weight (mass) and percent of the body surface area burned.

**INSTRUCTIONS:** Choose units and enter the following:

- (
**m**) Weight of Patient - (
**A**) Percent of Patients Body Surface Area Covered in Burns. See**Burn Surface Area**below.

**Replacement Fluids**: The calculator returns the volume of replacement fluids (**V**) in milliliters (mL). However, this can be automatically converted to other volume units (e.g. cups) via the pull-down menu.

**Related Calculators**:

- To compute the Body Surface Area using the Mosteller, Gahan and George, Boyd, DuBois, Haycock, Fujimoto, Takahira or Wang Hihara formulas,
**[Private Equation]**. - To compute the percent of human body that is burned using the
**Wallace Rule of Nines**,**CLICK HERE**. - To compute the percent of a human body that is burned using the
**Rule of Fives**for obese patients,**CLICK HERE**.

*Wallace Rule of Nines**Rule of Fives (Obese Patients) ** Percent of Burned Body*The **Wallace Rule of Nines** can be used to approximate the percent of a patient that is burned. It applies a percent of Body Surface Area, often a multiple of 9, for different body parts as follows:

- (9%) Entire head
- (9%) Complete left arm
- (9%) Complete right arm
- (9%) Entire chest
- (9%) Entire abdomen
- (18%) Complete back
- (1%) Groin
- (18%) Complete left leg
- (18%) Complete right leg

The **Rule of Fives** can be used to approximate the percent of an obese patient that is burned. It applies a percent of Body Surface Area, and differs from the Wallace Rule of Nines in that it applies a larger portion of the body surface area to the trunk and legs as follows:

- (2%) Entire head
- (5%) Complete left arm
- (5%) Complete right arm
- (50%) Trunk
- (20%) Complete left leg
- (20%) Complete right leg

**Body Surface Area (BSA)** is the measured or calculated surface area of a human body frequently used in physiology and medicine. For many clinical purposes BSA is a better indicator of metabolic mass than body weight because it is less affected by abnormal adipose mass. Estimation of BSA is simpler than many measures of volume.

Age Range | Male | Female |
---|---|---|

Neonate | 0.243 m² | 0.234 m² |

2 years old | 0.563 m² | 0.54 m² |

5 years old | 0.787 m² | 0.771 m² |

10 years old | 1.236 m² | 1.245 m² |

13 years old | 1.603 m² | 1.55 m² |

18 years old | 1.98 m² | 1.726 m² |

20 to 79 years old | 2.06 m² | 1.83 m² |

80 and above | 1.92 m² | 1.638 m² |

BSA Calculators vs Inputs |
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Method |
Height | Weight | Gender |

Mosteller | x | x | |

Gehan and George | x | x | |

Boyd | x | x | |

DuBois | x | x | |

Haycock | x | x | |

Fujimoto | x | x | |

Takahira | x | x | |

Schlick | x | x | x |

Costeff | x | ||

Wang Hihara | x | x |

- Mosteller formula Body Surface Area Calculator
- Gehan and George formula Body Surface Area Calculator
- Boyd formula Body Surface Area Calculator
- DuBois formula Body Surface Area Calculator
- Haycock formula Body Surface Area Calculator
- Fujimoto formula Body Surface Area Calculator
- Takahira formula Body Surface Area Calculator
- Costeff formula Body Surface Area Calculator
- Wang Hihara Body Surface Area Calculator
- Schlick Body Surface Area Calculator
- Body Surface Area Comparison with Averages

- The BSA Compare function lets you enter a body surface area and choose a demographic (above) to compute the percent compared to the mean.
- Wallace Rule of Nines: This computes a percentage of the human body for burn victims based on percentages allocated to different body parts.
- Rule of Fives: This computes a percentage of the human body for obese burn victims.
- Parkland Replacement Fluid: This compute the volume of replacement fluids needed in the first 24 hours based on the patients weight (mass) and the percent of their body that has been burned.
- BSA Percent: This computes a body surface area based on the total body surface area and a percent..

- Image of Human Body from OpenStax College. Used through CC 3.0. Source Anatomy & Physiology, Connexions Web site. http://cnx.org/content/col11496/1.6/, Jun 19, 2013.

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