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# Parkland Replacement Fluids

pro.Parkland Replacement Fluids

The **Parkland Replacement Fluids** calculator computes the amount of fluids required for the first 24 hours in a burn patient using the **Parkland Formula** and the patient's weight (mass) and percent of the body surface area burned.

**INSTRUCTIONS:** Choose your preferred weight units and enter the following:

- (
**m**) This is the weight or mass of the patient. - (
**A**) This is the percent of the patients body surface area that is covered in burns. See**Burn Surface Area**below.

**Replacement Fluids**: The calculator returns the volume of replacement fluids (**V**) in milliliters (mL). However, this can be automatically converted to other volume units (e.g. cups) via the pull-down menu.

**Related Calculators**:

- To compute the Body Surface Area using the Mosteller, Gahan and George, Boyd, DuBois, Haycock, Fujimoto, Takahira or Wang Hihara formulas, .
- To compute the percent of human body that is burned using the
**Wallace Rule of Nines**,**CLICK HERE**. - To compute the percent of a human body that is burned using the
**Rule of Fives**for obese patients,**CLICK HERE**.

### Burn Surface Area

*Wallace Rule of Nines**Rule of Fives (Obese Patients) ** Percent of Burned Body*The **Wallace Rule of Nines** can be used to approximate the percent of a patient that is burned. It applies a percent of Body Surface Area, often a multiple of 9, for different body parts as follows:

- (9%) Entire head
- (9%) Complete left arm
- (9%) Complete right arm
- (9%) Entire chest
- (9%) Entire abdomen
- (18%) Complete back
- (1%) Groin
- (18%) Complete left leg
- (18%) Complete right leg

The **Rule of Fives** can be used to approximate the percent of an obese patient that is burned. It applies a percent of Body Surface Area, and differs from the Wallace Rule of Nines in that it applies a larger portion of the body surface area to the trunk and legs as follows:

- (2%) Entire head
- (5%) Complete left arm
- (5%) Complete right arm
- (50%) Trunk
- (20%) Complete left leg
- (20%) Complete right leg

##### References:

- Image of Human Body from OpenStax College. Used through CC 3.0. Source Anatomy & Physiology, Connexions Web site. http://cnx.org/content/col11496/1.6/, Jun 19, 2013.

##### Dedication:

For Scout.

**Parkland Replacement Fluids**, is used in 1 calculator.

**Calculators**