Parkland Replacement Fluids

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Equation / Last modified by pro on 2017/07/10 18:27
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pro.Parkland Replacement Fluids
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18825354-657b-11e7-9770-bc764e2038f2

The Parkland Replacement Fluids calculator computes the amount of fluids required for the first 24 hours in a burn patient using the Parkland Formula and the patient's weight (mass) and percent of the body surface area burned.

INSTRUCTIONS:  Choose your preferred weight units and enter the following:

  • (m)  This is the weight or mass of the patient.
  • (A)  This is the percent of the patients body surface area that is covered in burns.  See Burn Surface Area below.

Replacement Fluids:  The calculator returns the volume of replacement fluids (V) in milliliters (mL). However, this can be automatically converted to other volume units (e.g. cups) via the pull-down menu.

Related Calculators:

  • To compute the Body Surface Area using the Mosteller, Gahan and George, Boyd, DuBois, Haycock, Fujimoto, Takahira or Wang Hihara formulas, .
  • To compute the percent of human body that is burned using the Wallace Rule of Nines, CLICK HERE.
  • To compute the percent of a human body that is burned using the Rule of Fives for obese patients, CLICK HERE.

Burn Surface Area

Wallace Rule of Nines513_Degree_of_burns.jpgRule of Fives (Obese Patients) Rule of Five.jpg   Percent of Burned BodyThe Wallace Rule of Nines can be used to approximate the percent of a patient that is burned.   It applies a percent of Body Surface Area, often a multiple of 9, for different body parts as follows:

  • (9%) Entire head
  • (9%) Complete left arm
  • (9%) Complete right arm
  • (9%) Entire chest
  • (9%) Entire abdomen
  • (18%) Complete back
  • (1%) Groin
  • (18%) Complete left leg
  • (18%) Complete right leg

The Rule of Fives can be used to approximate the percent of an obese patient that is burned.   It applies a percent of Body Surface Area, and differs from the Wallace Rule of Nines in that it applies a larger portion of the body surface area to the trunk and legs as follows:

  • (2%) Entire head
  • (5%) Complete left arm
  • (5%) Complete right arm
  • (50%) Trunk
  • (20%) Complete left leg
  • (20%) Complete right leg
References:
Dedication:

 For Scout.