The Torque on a Dipole calculator computes the torque based on the charge, distance between dipoles, the magnitude of the electric field and the angle difference between the dipole axis and the magenetic field.
INSTRUCTIONS: Choose units and enter the following:
Torque on a Dipole (τ): The torque is returned in newton meters (N_m). However, this can be automatically converted to compatible units via the pull-down menu.
The formula of the torque on dipole is:
The following description of torque on a dipole is from Chapter 22.3 Electric Fields of Light and Matter by B. Crowell referenced below.
(Note that even though the two forces are in opposite directions, the torques do not cancel, because they are both trying to twist the dipole in the same direction.) The quantity Lq is called the dipole moment, notated D. (More complex dipoles can also be assigned a dipole moment --- they are defined as having the same dipole moment as the two-charge dipole that would experience the same torque.)
22.3 The electric field by Benjamin Crowell,licensed under the .