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`U(y) = m*g*y`

Enter a value for all fields

The **Potential Energy ** calculator computes the potential energy of a body with a certain mass (**m**) at rest at a certain height (**y**).

**INSTRUCTIONS:** Choose units and enter the following:

- (
**m**) Mass of the object. - (
**y**) Elevation or height of the object. - (
**g**) Acceleration due to gravity.

**Potential Energy U(y):** The calculator returns the potential energy in Joules (J). However this can be automatically converted to other energy units via the pull-down menu.

The formula for Potential Energy is:

- U(y) = m • g • y

where:

- U(y) is potential energy.
- g is the acceleration due to gravity
- m is the mass and
- y is the vertical displacement

The default units for Potential Energy are Joules (J) for potential energy, meters per second (m/s²) for acceleration due to gravity, and meters (m) for vertical displacement.

The default **acceleration due to gravity (g) **is that of surface of the Earth at Sea Level (**9.80665 m/s² **) . The user can override the default with other values.

- Kinetic Energy (change of velocity) : K = ½?m?(V
_{1}-V_{2})² - Kinetic Energy: KE= ½?m?v²
- Relativistic Kinetic Energy
- Potential Energy
- Potential Energy of Gravity (two bodies)
- Force of Gravity
- Nuclear Binding Energy (BE)

- More information is available regarding Potential Energy in Light and Matter chapter 12.2 Potential energy: energy of distance or closeness
- YouTube video on Potential Energy