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Masonry is the building of structures from individual units laid in and bound together by mortar. The term masonry can also refer to the units themselves. The common materials of masonry construction are brick, stone, marble, granite, travertine, limestone, cast stone, concrete block, glass block, stucco, tile, and cob.

masonry jar

The category of brick masonry equations, constants and calculators provides means to accurately estimate the number of bricks required of many common applications of brick masonry.

Masonry -Concrete deals with blocks of cinder concrete , ordinary concrete (concrete blocks), or hollow tile are generically known as Concrete Masonry Units (CMUs). They usually are much larger than ordinary bricks and so are much faster to lay for a wall of a given size. Furthermore, cinder and concrete blocks typically have much lower water absorption rates than brick. They often are used as the structural core for veneered brick masonry, or are used alone for the walls of factories, garages and other industrial-style buildings where such appearance is acceptable or desirable. Such blocks often receive a stucco surface for decoration. Surface-bonding cement, which contains synthetic fibers for reinforcement, is sometimes used in this application and can impart extra strength to a block wall. Surface-bonding cement is often pre-coloured and can be stained or painted thus resulting in a finished stucco-like surface.

The **Masonry Calculator **contains equations and data used in working* Rectangular Slab*

This equation provides the decimal equivalent brick width in inches from a selection of standard head joint sizes. This equation is an EiE support equation to a number of other masonry equations which need the head joint width selection as an input.

This equation computes the decimal equivalent bed joint width in inches from a selection of standard bed joint sizes.

* Sun and Earth*

The **Blocks Needed for a Foundation** calculator computes the number of blocks needed for the walls of a foundation. *Masonry Foundation*

The **Volume of Concrete in a Slab** calculator computes the volume of concrete in a rectangle (square) slab. The value is function of the surface area (length * width), and the depth.