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Finance is a field that applies the theories of economics to the allocation of assets and liabilities. Finance can also be defined as the science of money management which prices assets based on their risk level and their expected rate of return.  Finance can be broken into three different sub-categories: Personal finance, Corporate finance and Public finance, 

Personal finance addresses six key planning topics:Financial position, Adequate protection, Tax planning, Investment and accumulation goals, Retirement planning, and Estate planning

Corporate finance activities manage funding, the capital structure of corporations and the actions that managers take to increase the value of the firm to shareholders.  Corporate finance also encompasses the tools and analysis used to allocate financial resources. Corporate finance generally involves balancing risk and profitability, while attempting to maximize an entity's wealth and the value of its stock.

Public finance is the study of the role of the government in the economy. It is the definitive branch of Economics which assesses the Government revenue and Government expenditure of the Public Authorities and the adjustment of one or the other to achieve desirable effects and avoid undesirable ones.

vCalc's Finance library contains numerous equations that relate to personal,corporate, and public finance.

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Finance Calculators

Finance Equations

  • Arbitrary Goodwill Value Agreement by vCalc
  • 2018 Federal Tax Rate Schedules by AndrewBudd
  • Annuity - Future Value with Continuous Compounding by EdwardOmbui
  • Annuity Due-Payment (FV) by EdwardOmbui
  • Annuity Due-Payment (PV) by EdwardOmbui
  • Annuity-Payment (FV) by EdwardOmbui
  • Annuity-Payment (PV) by EdwardOmbui
  • Average Collection Period by EdwardOmbui
  • Bank Efficiency Ratio by EdwardOmbui
  • Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) by cjlynch
  • Capital Gains Yield by EdwardOmbui
  • Consumer Price Index- For One Item by EdwardOmbui
  • Daily Salary by EdwardOmbui
  • Economic Order Quantity by EdwardOmbui
  • Economic Value Added by cjlynch
  • Future Value by EdwardOmbui
  • Future Value Factor by EdwardOmbui
  • Future Value-Annuity Due by EdwardOmbui
  • Growing Annuity-Payment (FV) by EdwardOmbui
  • Growing Annuity-Payment (PV) by EdwardOmbui
  • Hamada's equation by EmilyB
  • Holding Cost per Day by KurtHeckman
  • Inflation-Adjusted Return by cjlynch
  • Monthly Salary by EdwardOmbui
  • Optimal stock cycle length by EdwardOmbui
  • Optimal Value of Variable Cost per Unit by KurtHeckman
  • Mortgage Loan Balance After n Payments by eng
  • Perpetuity by EdwardOmbui
  • Present Value by EdwardOmbui
  • Present Value Factor by EdwardOmbui
  • Present Value of Investment by Megan
  • Present Value- Growing Annuity by EdwardOmbui
  • Present Value- With Continuous Compounding by EdwardOmbui
  • Present Value-Annuity by EdwardOmbui
  • Present Value-Annuity Due by EdwardOmbui
  • Present Value-Annuity Factor by EdwardOmbui
  • Present Value-Growing Perpetuity by EdwardOmbui
  • Rate of Inflation by EdwardOmbui
  • Remaining Balance-Amortization by EdwardOmbui
  • Reorder Level by EdwardOmbui
  • Reorder Level (ROL) by KurtHeckman
  • Rule of 72 by EdwardOmbui
  • Variable Cost Per Unit Time by EdwardOmbui