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# Truncated Julian Day (TJD)

Variable | Instructions | Datatype |
---|---|---|

Month | Enter the month of the date to be converted | Text |

Day | Enter the day of the date to be converted | Integer |

Year | Enter the year of the date to be converted | Integer |

MichaelBartmess.Truncated Julian Day (TJD)

This equation gives you the Truncated Julian Day (TJD) when you input a Gregorian (standard modern calendar date).

The TJD's starting point epoch is midnight on May 24, 1868.

"The **Truncated Julian Date** (TJD) as introduced by NASA/Goddard in 1979 as part of a parallel grouped binary time code (PB-5) "designed specifically, although not exclusively, for spacecraft applications." TJD was a 4-digit day count from MJD 40000, which was May 24, 1968, represented as a 14-bit binary number. Since this code was limited to four digits, TJD recycled to zero on MJD 50000, or October 10, 1995, "which gives a long ambiguity period of 27.4 years". (NASA codes PB-1—PB-4 used a 3-digit day-of-year count.) Only whole days are represented. Time of day is expressed by a count of seconds of a day, plus optional milliseconds, microseconds and nanoseconds in separate fields. Later PB-5J was introduced which increased the TJD field to 16 bits, allowing values up to 65535, which will occur in the year 2147. There are five digits recorded after TJD 9999.."^{1}

**Example**

If you input **January 1, 2000**, this equation will return the Truncated Julian Day: **11544.0**

If you input **May 24, 1968**, this equation will return the Truncated Julian Day: **0.0**

**See Also**

# References

**Truncated Julian Day (TJD)**, references 4 equations/constants.

**Equations and Constants **

**Truncated Julian Day (TJD)**, is used in 1 calculator.

**Calculators**